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How to Properly Prevent Kidney Disease?

Prevent kidney disease: Healthy diet, hydration, exercise, no smoking.

How properly Prevent kidney disease? People with kidney disease are at increased risk of coronary artery disease. The kidneys filter excess fluid and waste from the blood, and when their function is impaired, these wastes begin to accumulate.

Kidney Day:

In order to highlight the health and importance of kidneys and to provide awareness to people about its diseases, every year on the second week of March, Kidney Day is celebrated all over the world and this time it will be celebrated on 14th March.

Celebrating this day was started in 2006. It is an international campaign aimed at raising public awareness of the importance of kidneys in overall health and reducing the impact of kidneys diseases and related health problems.

Read More Informative Articles in Urdu

What is Kidney?

In the human body, two fist-shaped muscles are found in the lower back to the right and left of the spine.

These two muscles are among the noble organs in which even a minor malfunction becomes a matter of life and death.

When the heart beats, the feeling of life awakens. Few people know where clean blood comes from to make the heart beat and feel alive in the human body, the kidneys are the organs responsible for blood purification.

The kidney consists of millions of fine vessels, lined with reticulated cups. Their job is to filter the blood that enters the kidney through the vessels and return the blood to the circulatory system. During this process, the kidneys maintain the balance of various salts, sugars, proteins and water in the blood.

That is, according to the needs of the human body, salts and water are allowed to return to the blood and excess amounts are excreted from the body in the form of urine, but proteins and sugars go back completely.

The kidneys are the most important organ of our body. which not only balance the composition of blood but also maintain the quality of blood pressure.

The length of a healthy male kidney is 11 cm while the length of a healthy female kidney is 10 cm.

Kidney Patient:

The main function of the kidneys is to clean the blood in the human body. 1500 liters of blood passes through the kidneys every 24 hours.

A kidney patient often complains of nausea and loss of appetite, can’t get rid of excess water from the body, which causes swelling of the whole body or around the eyes.

Some patients also experience shortness of breath and decreased urine output. Waste and toxins accumulate in the blood.

If salt balance is not maintained, salt intake often increases, leading to high blood pressure. Some of these salts can be harmful to the heart, causing jaundice due to anemia.

Even a little walking causes difficulty in breathing, irregular objects often lead to vomiting and the patient becomes unconscious and dies if left untreated.

There are many causes of kidney failure, but in our country, the main causes are sugar, blood pressure, kidney stones, inflammation of the kidney, swelling, and especially in our country, there is a lot of use of pesticides and other unknown drugs kidneys are affected.

Obstruction of urine output due to enlargement of male glands in kidney ducts and some hereditary and congenital diseases are also major reasons for this.

It is very important for diabetes and blood pressure patients to consult a kidney specialist because these two diseases affect almost all organs of the human body, but the kidneys are especially vulnerable kidney failure can be prevented by treatment and prevention.

Kidney Failure:

In a healthy person, kidney failure can occur due to excess fluid or blood loss from the body.

In the same way, kidney failure can occur due to drug allergy, severe heat or accident, muscle damage, bite of a poisonous animal, poisonous drugs.

Diarrhea in children and adults due to loss of water and salts, seasonal and chronic fever, drinking less water or excessive blood loss during childbirth by untrained midwives can lead to sudden kidney failure.

According to the diagnosis of kidney experts, if the kidneys have failed permanently, then it should be known that these kidneys are not able to perform their work again, human life is not possible with permanently failed kidneys.

In such a case, their cleaning i.e. permanent dialysis or kidney replacement is necessary to survive. Because dysfunctional kidneys cannot be brought back to their proper state by any medicine or other treatment.

Kidney Replacement:

In the case of complete kidney failure in a patient between the ages of five and twenty-five, the best treatment is a kidney transplant.

The blood group of the donor and recipient must be the same, the closer the blood relationship between the recipient and the donor, the higher the chances of success in kidney transplantation.

Kidney transplantation from close relatives has a high success rate in kidney transplantation.

The annual success rate of transplanted kidney in case of relative donation is about 91% compared to about 83% in case of non-relative donation.

Diet of Kidney Patients:

Patients with kidney failure should be aware of their diet. Half of the treatment for these patients is careful diet.

Proteins are an important component of human diet but when the kidneys become weak, the amount of protein in food should be reduced, but should not be stopped completely.

Similarly, fresh juices and certain fruits including bananas, dates, canes, malts and leafy vegetables should be avoided as they contain high levels of potassium which is harmful for kidney failure patients.

Its excess affects the heart these patients have excess phosphate and calcium deficiency, so they should avoid milk, meat, dry fruits and pulses.

Kidney failure can be detected by the patient’s symptoms and two blood tests and an ultrasound there are many kidney disease that can prevent kidney failure if properly treated.

Around of world:

According to an estimate, around 85 crore people worldwide are suffering from various kidney disease.

More than 170 million people in Pakistan are suffering from kidney disease, among which chronic kidney disease and kidneys stones are notable.

It is said that by 2040, it will be the fifth leading cause of medical deaths worldwide. The main cause of this disease is high blood pressure and diabetes.

In the early stages, most people do not show symptoms of this Kidney disease , but as the disease progresses, blood disorders begin to develop.

It is important for people to know how their kidney health is and what steps they can take to keep them healthy.

In order to maintain long-term kidneys function in a patient with chronic kidney disease, the following steps need to be taken.

A few simple things you can do to protect yourself from Prevent kidney disease are as follows.

Increase kidney patient education (including practical advice on diet and lifestyle) to empower patients, their care partners, and their support systems to achieve health outcomes and life goals can be empowered.

Encourage and support primary care physicians to identify and manage patients across the spectrum from prevention and early detection to secondary and acute prevention and care of kidneys failure make it better.

To keep the kidney healthy, reduce the use of salt in the daily diet, i.e. eat 5 to 6 grams of salt throughout the day, give priority to home-made food instead of eating outside food especially junk food, because weight gain can also cause kidney damage.

Stop Smoking:

Can Stop smoking tobacco and make sure to drink plenty of water. Experts consider it necessary for an adult to drink 2 to 4 liters of water per day.

This helps in the excretion of stone-forming minerals in the urine, which accumulate in the kidney due to low water intake and form stones.

Also read this:Peritoneal Dialysis Kidney Health through Home-Based Care

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