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Types and Causes of Inflammation of the Liver or Hepatitis

Causes of hepatitis or liver disease may include alcohol consumption.

Hepatitis is an inflammatory disease of the liver causes can include excessive alcohol consumption, several health conditions, and the misuse of certain medications.

What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the liver hepatitis is most commonly causes by a viral infection, but there are other probable reasons.

These include autoimmune hepatitis that occurs as a result of overuse of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease occurring when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue.

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Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is Causes By the hepatitis A virus. This kind of hepatitis is an acute, transient sickness.

B or black jaundice

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes it. It is often an ongoing, chronic condition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that about 826,000 people in the United States and about 257 million people worldwide are living with chronic hepatitis B.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is one of the most prevalent viral bloodstream infections in the United States, and it typically causes a long-term illness.

Hepatitis D

This is an uncommon type of hepatitis that arises solely in connection with hepatitis B infection.

Hepatitis D virus (HDV) induces liver inflammation like other forms of hepatitis, but an individual cannot contract HDV unless they are already infected with hepatitis B.

Hepatitis E

E Hepatitis is a waterborne disease caused by the hepatitis E virus. Hepatitis E is mainly found in areas where sanitation is poor and the water supply is usually contaminated with sewage and the virus is transmitted through the ingestion of faecal matter that contaminates the water.

Hepatitis E is usually mild but can be especially dangerous in pregnant women.

Causes of Hepatitis

A Hepatitis is caused by the presence of the HAV virus in food or water.

Hepatitis B is caused by contact with the HBV virus in body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen.

Hepatitis C is also caused by contact with bodily fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, or by having an infected person.

If the blood of a person infected with the HD virus comes into contact with a healthy person, it becomes hepatitis D.

Hepatitis E is caused by the presence of waste material in food or water.

Use of alcohol and other toxic substances

Excessive alcohol consumption damages the liver and can also causes inflammation. It’s also called alcoholic hepatitis.

Alcohol directly damages your liver cells. And over time, it can cause permanent damage and thickening or scarring of the liver tissue and liver failure can lead to.

Other hazardous causes of hepatitis include drug addiction and toxin exposure.

Autoimmune system response

In rare situations, the immune system misidentifies and assaults the liver as a source of injury. This produces persistent inflammation, ranging from mild to severe, which impairs its function. It is three times more prevalent in women than in men.

Common symptoms of hepatitis

If you are living with a chronic form of hepatitis, such as hepatitis B and C, you may not develop symptoms until the damage has greatly affected liver function. In contrast, people with other hepatitis types may develop symptoms soon after contracting the hepatitis virus.

Common symptoms of infectious hepatitis include:

  • Fatigue
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Dark urine
  • Yellow stools
  • Stomach pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss

Yellow skin and eyes may indicate jaundice.

How is hepatitis diagnosed?

In order to properly treat hepatitis, it is important to understand what is causing it. The doctor will evaluate the disease through a series of tests to accurately diagnose your condition.

During the physical examination, Your doctor may also check for liver inflammation and any yellowing of your eyes or skin.

Liver function tests

Doctors use blood samples to determine how well your liver functions.

Abnormal findings from these tests may be the first sign of a problem, especially if you have no symptoms during a physical examination for liver disease.

High levels of this enzyme in blood test results may indicate that your liver is stressed.

Other blood tests

If your function tests are abnormal, your doctor will most likely prescribe more blood tests to determine the cause of the problem.

These tests can tell you whether you have the hepatitis virus or not. If you have infectious hepatitis, doctors may also perform blood tests to look for evidence of autoimmune hepatitis.

Biopsy

When diagnosing hepatitis, doctors will also examine your liver for potential damage. A liver biopsy is a process that involves collecting a sample of liver tissue.

A medical expert can take this sample via your skin with a needle, so surgery is not required. They typically utilize an ultrasound scan to guide them through the process.

Ultrasound

Abdominal ultrasounds employ ultrasound waves to create images of the organs within your abdomen. This test allows your doctor to thoroughly check your liver and surrounding organs.

How is hepatitis treated?

Hepatitis A is a temporary infection that may not require treatment. However, if the symptoms produce excessive discomfort, bed rest may be required. Additionally, if you have vomiting or diarrhea, you may require therapy.

There is no cure for jaundice or hepatitis B. However, if you have hepatitis B, you will require antiviral treatment.

Chronic hepatitis B requires ongoing medical testing and supervision. Antiviral medicines are effective in treating both acute and chronic hepatitis C.

People suffering from chronic hepatitis C may require a liver transplant. Hepatitis D treatment involves the use of medicines.

Currently, there is no specific medical treatment for hepatitis E. Because the infection is often severe, it typically resolves on its own. Pregnant women who contract this infection require constant monitoring and treatment.

Autoimmune hepatitis

A drug that suppresses the immune system is used.

Also read this: Millions of Hepatitis C Cases Sounded Alarm in Pakistan

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